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English : World Days Calendar : November

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  1. Boreal Forest Day of Action : November 3rd
  2. International Day for Tolerance : November 16th
  3. International Day for Prevention of Child Abuse : November 19th
  4. Universal Children's Day : November 20th
  5. World Television Day : November 21st
  6. International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women : November 25th
  7. Buy Nothing Day : Last Friday of November

Boreal Forest Day of Action : November 3rd

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International Day for Tolerance : November 16th

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International Day for Prevention of Child Abuse : November 19th

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Universal Children's Day : November 20th

Description of the day :

Universal Children’s Day

 

The UN General Assembly recommended that all countries worldwide establish a Universal Children’s Day. This day takes place November 20th and commemorates the day on which the Declaration on the Rights of the Child (1959) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) were adopted. At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, political leaders of the world agreed on eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). These Goals include, among others, reducing extreme poverty by half, achieving universal primary education, stopping the propagation of HIV/AIDS, and achieving all of these goals by 2015. Six of the eight goals directly concern children and the fulfillment of the two others would improve their lives considerably.

 

The most vulnerable . . .

Children in this world encounter many difficulties. Each year, 10 million children die needlessly. Their deaths could be avoided. Children are among the most vulnerable human beings on the planet and suffer many difficulties daily. Children in the world are:

  •          Orphans due to AIDS,
  •          Child-soldiers,
  •          Exploited at work,
  •          Exploited sexually,
  •          Dying due to a lack of water or of food,
  •          Suffering the devastation of war, etc.

The status of children in Canada

Of almost 30 million inhabitants, Canada has more than 1.2 million children living under the poverty line (1991). Therefore, almost one out of five children lives in poverty. However, Canada is considered to be one of the richest countries of the world and one of the best countries in which to live. How can we explain then that almost 900 000 children had to resort to using food banks at least once in 1992 and that more than one million depend on social aid?

Do children have rights?

Yes, children have many rights. Here are some examples of the rights of children, as declared by the United Nations, in the Convention on the Rights of the Child:

  • Right to life
  • Right to freedom of expression
  • Right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion
  • Right to freedom of association and to freedom of peaceful assembly
  • Right to health and to access to medical services
  • Right to education
  • Right to rest and leisure, and to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child, etc.

These rights are often flouted and the status of children remains worrying, whether in Canada or elsewhere in the world. Canada was one of the first nations to sign the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is necessary to mobilize all of the resources possible in order to offer a better future to our society, because the suffering of children today will translate into grave social problems in the years to come.

 

   

Help for the children of the world

UNICEF, the United Nations organization that represents the children of the world, works tirelessly each day to help the most destitute and powerless. The organization has numerous domains of intervention: the survival and development of the child, basic education, the equality of the sexes, HIV/AIDS and children, the protection of the child, etc. Progress is being made; however there remains much to be done.

On November 20th, we need to take action for children because their welfare concerns us all!

What you can do :

Action 1

UNICEF proposes that you organize an awareness campaign in your school based on different subjects that affect children and the Millenium Development Goals (MDG):

·         Teaching girls how to protect themselves against sexual violence, abuse, and rape (MDG 3) 

·         Preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS and dispelling myths and stereotypes surrounding the syndrome (MDG 6) 

·         Potable water (MDG 7) 

·         etc. 

 

Here are the steps :

  • Chose a problem that affects your community and that is important to you.
  • Discuss it with your friends and family. You might even want to organize a community meeting.
  • Do your research. Learn everything you can about the problem that you have chosen, and the possible solutions. Consult with adults and experts.
  • Prepare campaign materials that will help you promote your event: flyers, posters, videos, etc.
  • Present and distribute your campaign material to neighbours, staff at school, to businesses, and to attendees at community meetings.
  • Follow up. Think about how you can check to see if the situation has changed thanks to your awareness campaign. Continue to develop and improve your campaign !

Then, talk with other youth who have done similar projects through the UNICEF website.

Source : UNICEF

 

Action 2

It is important to learn about the children's and your human rights and most of all to defend it. To practice your rights, it is respecting yourself and taking your responsability. You can download the children's rights convention at this following adress. You can download this convention and post it up in class. Don't forget that with your rights come your duty. For example, you have the right to alimentation but you have the duty to not squander food. You have the right to education but you have the duty to study.

 

                                             


World Television Day : November 21st

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International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women : November 25th

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Buy Nothing Day : Last Friday of November

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